Alice’s Story Told by Her Family

By Leigh, Brooklyn and Dr. Barbara Spilchuk



If we had a keen vision and feeling of all ordinary human life, it would be like hearing the grass grow

and the squirrel's heartbeat, and we should die of that roar which lies on the other side of silence.

(in Belenky et al., 1986, p. 3)


Alice: by Brooklyn



Alice has always had a special place in my heart. She is the most loving, caring, and affectionate dog I've ever dreamed of having. I think about her every second I'm gone and can't wait to come home to see her. The look on her face and the never ending kisses as I walk in the door never fail to make me feel so happy. The way she rolls over with the slightest hand movement expecting you to rub her stomach never fails to make me smirk, and of course she always gets it. I love and care for her just as much as she cares for everyone in our home. As often as my mother tells me not to, on the odd occasion I'll bring her down into my room and let her nap with me just because she brings me so much comfort. Alice is nothing but a pleasure to have and I'm so grateful she's a part of my life.


When I found out Alice was diagnosed with Sebaceous Adenitis, my heart broke. I have never dealt with the loss of a best friend before.  Once she became a part of my life, I could never imagine living it without her. When most people hear that someone they love is dying, or carries a disease with no cure, sadness becomes overwhelming and along with that there is anger and so many questions… often with no answers to be given. Why did something so awful happen to her? She doesn't deserve what she is going through. The most infuriating part for me to hear through this whole thing is that Alice's disease is genetic and that this could have been avoided. Could it have been avoided? Could Alice's and our family's agony have been avoided?


Over the last few months, with medication, Alice has improved drastically. She still carries her favourite toy around the house and never fails to run into the kitchen when she hears the fridge door open. So for now, nothing has changed; she still loves, and is loved unconditionally. But the medication is only a temporary solution. I know the day will come, all too soon, when we will lose her because this disease may shorten her life, and I'm absolutely dreading it.

Narrative Inquiry and Narratives


It may appear strange that my background as an academic is interwoven into this story; however, my primary research methodology is Narrative Inquiry. Clandinin and Connelly (2000, p.64) indicate that, "Narrative inquiry characteristically begins with the researcher's autobiographically oriented narrative associated with the research puzzle"(p.41).


While my story, shared through Sara’s Story (, August 26, 2016) and Sara’s Story Continues – The Conformation Ring (, September 24/2016), is the beginning of this research puzzle about breeding ethics, caring and emotional intelligence, it is not the end. This story, Alice’s Story Told by Her Family, connected to my own story through many commonalities, is an end all on its own. This story is powerful and sad and filled with real and raw emotion.


Looking Inward


I was first contacted by Alice’s caregiver on 5/31/16 and later by Alice’s family directly on 9/6/2016. While working with this family, I was able to resonate with their telling of Alice’s story in such a way that I began to relive my own story:


Barbara to Leigh 9/19/2016  9:19 am

I remember taking Bella and then Sara out in the front lawn and sitting, holding them, and rocking back and forth and crying and crying. Same place - almost exactly 1 year apart. I cried a lot. Your story reminds me so much of my own sadness. Poor Alice.


Highlighting significant moments of change is a critical measure of the quality of a narrative. It also makes me reflect upon my position in the world:


To Travelling in Worlds


My foray in her world

is but a sketch

in my life

but still I etch

a place in mine

for her and then

 the life lines redefine

 and shift again and hers reshift

in time with mine.

With each new world

I travel to and

leave a piece and change

her/me - our hands

 reach out through time

 and worlds and range

 within the mind

 and change



(Spilchuk, 2000, p. 39)


"The power of narrative to nurture and heal, to repair a spirit in disarray, rests on two things: the skillful invocation of impeachable sources and a listener’s knowledge that no hypocrisy or subterfuge is possible" (Lopez, 1989, p. 69). This is the hope which the practice of storying brings to people (Spilchuk, 2000, p.29).


This is Alice’s Story Told by Her Family. In this story, members of Alice’s family will speak both for themselves and for their beloved pet. It is my sincere hope that by offering them this opportunity to share their experiences about Alice’s debilitating illness of Sebaceous Adenitis and the responses given to them by Alice’s Breeder, this family will finally be able to come to reconciliation with the past traumatic events they share here.

Alice’s Story – The Beginning: by Leigh (9/19/16)


Okay, we shall start from the absolute beginning


About 8 years ago my daughter Ava started asking for a dog. We never owned a dog before and were a bit hesitant to do so.  A few months went by and she was still asking for a dog.  I started researching online the type of dog we wanted and didn't want.  Non shedding, hypoallergenic etc., etc., and the Havanese breed showed up.  We had never heard of this breed before and quite liked what it had to offer. It seemed to suit exactly what we were looking for. 


My husband came home from work one night and said "Hey, a lady down the street has those dogs. She has a big sign at the end of her driveway".....The sign was Paula’s K9 Country Club, home of the Pocopayosos Havanese.  I phoned Paula, and she said that she was actually expecting 2 litters in a couple was working out perfectly, it was just meant to be! I filled out an application for Paula to go through and we passed! Paula showed us the parents of the expected puppies and brought me through her house to show me where they lived.  Our first pup was born July 2009. 


I was and still am a Twilight movie addict, so I wanted to name our puppy after one of those characters.  At first I was looking for a female, but Paula said the males were more affectionate, so we decided to go with male.  After the puppies were a few weeks old, my husband saw a picture of them and let us know his favourite one. I mentioned it to Paula, and she said he was available for a pet home, so that's the one we chose. 


Now back to my Twilight addiction, haha..... I loved the character Edward, but couldn't find myself naming a tiny little dog Edward.  So, we decided to register him as ‘Sexy Edward’, and have a call name of Jasper, another character in the movie. Jasper was tiny, about 3-4 pounds, and we fell in love with him.  We kept going back to Paula’s business for his baths and nail clippings. One time she saved me a huge vet bill by showing me what to do when he burst an anal gland. Paula was extremely helpful and didn't mind any questions.


If you are lucky enough to be approved by a wonderful breeder, you will have forged a friendship with a breeder who will always consider your new addition their puppy. A word of caution: you will have to prepare yourself on the day you pick up your new family member, because the breeder may shed a few tears.


The tears are of hard work, sleepless nights, joy and sadness. A reputable breeder will wonder if they did everything they could to prepare their puppy for the big world. After you take your puppy home, don’t forget the puppy’s breeder - provide updates often, including pictures. A reputable breeder is always available and willing to answer questions - please do not hesitate to call and ask. A reputable breeder never forgets or turns away their puppies…..


McLaughlin, J. Reputable? Responsible? or...RED FLAG?

Retrieved on Sept 27, 2016 @


So about a year later, we wanted a playmate for Jasper, and of course, because of my Twilight addiction, I now needed a female, to have an Edward and a Bella. I asked Paula if she was having any more puppies. She said she was having a litter in December, but it was too early to guarantee me a female.  She gave me some names to call.  I researched a couple, but no puppies were available. 


Patience is important when searching for the purebred of your dreams. The best breeders don't always have puppies available for sale so you'll likely need to wait several months or more for the next litter. It's worth the wait, though, in the long run.


Mott. M. Important Questions to Ask a Breeder Retrieved on September 19/2016 @

Because I am so impatient, I started searching online for Havanese breeders. The very first one to show up on Google was ______ in BC. I am very ashamed to say it, but I was impressed with the website and because of that, I chose to buy a puppy from that Breeder. I emailed the Breeder; she said she had puppies expected in December. As well, she asked me to tell her about myself. I did, and she said we were suitable to buy a dog from her.  Never did we speak on the phone; this was all emails, but I do have to say that I, myself, do not like talking on the phone, so it didn't bother me.


Upon reflection, and with further investigation, I have come to realize that one should never buy “a puppy from a breeder you have not met in person or due to distance have spoken to many times.” 

McLaughlin, J. Reputable? Responsible? or...RED FLAG?

Retrieved on Sept 27, 2016 @

Further, As McLaughlin notes, “you should NEVER buy a puppy online and have it shipped to you like any other merchandise available online. It is a red flag if a breeder will ship you a puppy... A fancy flashy website means nothing!” (Ibid)


This author gives further warning:


You should visit a breeder’s home to know for sure who you are dealing with. A reputable breeder will want to meet you and most likely will not let you choose your puppy. The responsible breeder will decide which puppy is the best match with each family. A reputable breeder will never allow puppies to be chosen at hours or days old. Instead a reputable breeder will watch the puppies grow and develop and will choose the right puppy for each family. It is a RED FLAG if your puppy is chosen simply by birth order and deposits received. (Ibid)

When we were discussing the colour I’d like, I told her I preferred a brown or red female.  Once December rolled along, there were 2 litters I was able to choose from. Unfortunately, and actually quite devastatingly, one of those litters died in a house fire. On Christmas Day, the mother of the puppies, delivered 3 females and 3 males.  We now had our "Bella", who would be registered as ______ Arizona Bella but we would call her Alice, although we did not know for a couple of months which one was ours. Finally, we were told which puppy it would be and we made arrangements to go and pick her up at the Toronto Airport.


Oh, Alice was so much fun as a puppy, she was into everything.  She was very easy to train because she LOVES food. Haha.  Alice fit in quite well when she arrived.  The vet also commented on how much he liked her as well.


Over the years Alice has been an amazing dog. She listens and does what she is told, loves her belly being rubbed and loves being around her family.  I am not afraid to leave her with anyone, young or old, as she’s very easy to get along with.


From the time I brought Alice home in February 2011 to April 2016, I did not hear from Alice's Breeder. Whether that is normal or not, I don't know


Good breeders stay in contact with you and insist you keep in contact with them. A new puppy owner once told me about his breeder that “I should have married her – she’s always on me”! Well, that’s a breeder who is taking her moral obligation seriously. Being “tethered” to your breeder doesn’t need to be oppressive – lightly tethered with a hint of car- ing keeps everybody, especially the puppy, on the best path. If your breeder isn’t in touch with you but took and cashed your check, go figure!

Murray, M. (January/February 2011). Puppy on a String. The COURIER. Retrieved on Septembers 28/2016@

Now the Heartbreak Begins: by Leigh (9/19/16)


Approximately the summer of 2015 we noticed Alice's hair was not growing, I naively thought maybe she was being groomed when going for her bath and left it at that.  Her hair was extremely wiry and, eventually, it went to bald patches and her tail literally had maybe 3 strands of hair on it. I actually thought the groomer was cutting her tail from matts.


A couple of months went by and Alice was getting worse. Alice's skin was all over the furniture like an extreme case of bad dandruff.  You could run your hands through the hair on her neck and back and be left with her hair in our hands.  I brushed her once and the amount of hair that was in the brush, I had to take a picture of it to believe what I was seeing; it was gross.


I had gotten to know Paula quite well by this time, and I mentioned to her about Alice's hair. She said she had noticed it as well and had her suspicions as to what it was. She suggested that I take Alice for a thyroid test and recommended that I mention to my vet that this was possibly Sebaceous Adenitis.  I researched what SA was and my heart fell to the floor. 

The signs and symptoms of sebaceous adenitis in long-coated breeds include the following symptoms:

  • Alopecia

  • Odor along the hairline

  • Small clumps of matted hair

  • Casts forming around the hair shaft

  • Hair that becomes dull and brittle or coarse

  • Intense itching along the hairline and scratching

  • Bacterial infections along the hair follicle

  • Silver-white scales on the skin

  • Clusters of skin lesions that form in certain areas of the head


Inflammatory Skin Disease in Dogs. Retrieved on September 29/2016 @


Alice had spots on her skin that looked like sores. (We found out later from the vet that it was caused by secondary infection due to the SA.)  Alice was constantly scratching at her ear area, our family was always reminding her to " stop scratching', I felt bad for her because she must have been quite uncomfortable


Sebaceous Adenitis (SA) is a hereditary skin disease in which the sebaceous glands become inflamed, often leading to progressive loss of hair. The disease is primarily seen in Standard Poodles, Akitas, and Samoyeds, although there have been reported cases in a number of other breeds and mixed breeds as well. The disease can develop in a wide age range, with age of onset documented as early as 1 year and as late as 12 years. Males and females appear to be affected equally. The exact mode of inheritance is unknown.


SA can be difficult as the symptoms vary by breed, the symptoms are similar to those of other diseases such as hypothyroidism or allergies, and the disease can vary greatly in its severity. Visible symptoms include excessive dandruff or scaling, hair loss, lesions, a musty odor, and even secondary skin infections.


About Sebaceous Adenitis. Retrieved on September 29/2016 @


Paula had a friend who had 2 dogs with SA, so I spoke with that friend and left with tears in my eyes. It was a horrible story and I could not imagine our Alice having to go through all of that. Every time I looked at Alice I wanted to cry, she looked awful with her bald patches and scaly skin.....our hearts were broken.


Sebaceous adenitis is a painful skin condition in which the immune system attacks the dog's sebaceous glands, causing lesions, sores, hair loss, and often infections. The affected glands are necessary for oil production to keep a dog's skin healthy. Thought to be a hereditary disease, Sebaceous adenitis can onset at any point in the dog's life and can affect any dog, although it is more prevalent in certain breeds. Affected dogs, their parents, and their siblings should be removed from the breeding cycle. While there is currently no cure for the disease, less severe cases can have the symptoms treated with shampoos and ointments.


Kelley, R. (July 13, 2012). Sebaceous Adenitis In Dogs. Retrieved on Oct. 10/2016 @


Leigh contacted Alice’s Breeder to inform her of her suspicions:


From: Leigh

Date: April 6, 2016 at 6:35:57 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Questions about a dog we purchased


I am writing you regarding Alice.   She is from the Conchita and Elvis litter born December 25 2010, She has developed a skin condition that is taking us to see a Dermatologist in the Toronto area. I have a questionnaire here from their office and need to ask you a few questions.

Have you seen this before?  I will send you some pictures tomorrow of what she currently looks like. Her hair has not grown since last fall and she has scaly skin.  Her ears are always bothering her to the point she scratches them all the time and they are also very scaly. Initially, the vet here thought she may have food allergies had put her on meds and changed her food but that did not work.  The food trial did not work so we are being sent down south in a couple weeks.

If you have any insight as to what this could be as her breeder, I would appreciate any help I can get. Thanks


Leigh’s Story Continues


I went to the vet and made a suggestion that could it be SA.  My vet was not sure what was wrong with her. He thought she had allergies and wanted me to change the protein in her diet, which we did for 8 weeks, but nothing changed. Our family decided to take the matter into our own hands and book an appointment with the skin specialist in New Market, Ontario, 4 hours away from us.


Below is a series of emails that went between Alice’s Mom and Alice’s Breeder following the initial report indicating that Alice had Sebaceous Adenitis:

From: Breeder

Date: Apr 25, 2016, at 5:45 PM,

To: Leigh


Okay.  YES. The only way to test for SA is a skin Biopsy They can just freeze a spot, and take a little bit.

You do not have to have her put to sleep. It is the only way to know.

No dogs in this line have been diagnosed with SA. 

But some dogs in the Pillowtalk BlueTemptation lines do seem to have dryer skin.

This sucks and did you try the Salmon Sweet potatoe diet? No help?


From: Leigh

Date: April 25, 2016 at 5:54:16 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: 404 Vet Emerg & Ref - Attachment


We did switch her diet for 2 months, specialist said it has nothing to do with her diet.

Alice’s skin in scaly not dry. _______ drove with me today and will be returning with me in 2 weeks for Biopsy


From: Breeder

Date: Apr 25, 2016, at 6:27 PM

To: Leigh


I have only ever seen one case of SA on a friend’s dog. The skin was black oily.

Thankyou for keeping me posted. We need to find out what this could be?


From: Leigh

Sent: Monday, April 25, 2016 2:56 PM

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: 404 Vet Emerg & Ref - Attachment


Can you email me a copy of her pedigree please Conchita x Elvis


The Breeder sends Leigh a copy of Alice’s pedigree and the communications continue:


From: Breeder

Date: April 25, 2016 at 6:30:53 PM EDT

To: Leigh

Subject: Re: 404 Vet Emerg & Ref - Attachment

Here you are.......... (pedigree chart attached)


I know Small Havan, had cases, but not in Small Havan Chester line, but her other line had it.

The bottom of the pedigree there have been no skin issues. People around the world often complain about the top of the pedigree, having more dryer skin, and harsher coats, but no SA that I know of. I can email over seas, to see if they know more.  I have not asked in a long time, Both Parents are retired.


From: Leigh

Date: April 25, 2016 at 7:03:58 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: 404 Vet Emerg & Ref – Attachment


Thank you We are pretty sure it's SA, but after biopsy in 2 weeks, results take a week to come in


From: Breeder

Date: Apr 25, 2016, at 7:18 PM

To: Leigh


I am anxiously awaiting, I would please like to know. I HOPE it is not.

There is a group where you send it all in. I know in Europe, they see a lot of it.

I think the study is in the USA.

Take care. poor pup.


From: Leigh

Date: April 25, 2016 at 7:40:59 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: 404 Vet Emerg & Ref - Attachment


Will get back to you in a couple weeks!

We brought Alice to the specialist in April (5/17/2016), and before the skin biopsy was even performed, the Doctor told us he had suspicions that it was in fact SA. Alice went on a treatment of antibiotic. When we got the skin biopsy performed and the results came back, we found that yes, it was indeed, Sebaceous Adenitis....and we were devastated. 


May 9, 2016


Referring Clinic:

Cambrian Animal Hospital                                                   Phone: 705-566-4085

5-598 Falconbridge Road                                                     Fax:     705-566-5624

Sudbury, ON  P3A 4S4                           

______________, DVM



Patient:  “Alice” ________Breed: Havanese   Sex: Spayed Female   DOB: 25/12/2010   Wt: 7.6 kg

Caregivers:  __________   Phones:  

Authorized decision-makers: ________________


Dear Doctor _________,


                 Alice was re-evaluated at our facility on May 9, 2016.  Please find following a brief summary of the visit for your files.

_________________ BSc, DVM, Diplomate ACVD                                                                        

Presenting Complaint: Pruritus, Alopecia, Otitis, Sores


Update: Alice is doing about the same. She is less itchy since the Cephalexin. She presented today for skin biopsies.


Dermatological Findings:

  • Generalized follicular casts and fronds along dorsum and extending along sides


Diagnostic Tests:

  • Skin biopsy for histopathology: results pending

    • Biopsy sites – 1 x interscapular, 1 x mid-dorsum, 2 x right side of dorsum, 1 x caudal dorsum

  • Fungal culture (on biopsy sample): results pending


Assessment: Alice’s lesions seem to be spreading. Plans are to start topical treatment protocol once sutures removed and await biopsy results before considering Atopica.


Treatment Recommendations:

  • Atopica: discussed

  • Sutures removed in 7-14 days. The owner will be having this performed at your facility.


Medicines Dispensed:

  • Eicosacaps: Give 1 capsule once daily until recheck.

  • Sebaceous Adenitis Topical Treatment: once weekly until recheck

    • 1 cup bath oil + 1 cup warm water in spray bottle

    • Spray dog down

    • Leave mixture on 1-2 hours

    • Then shampoo in Palmolive dish soap three times, scrubbing with soft brush after lather

    • Rinse

    • Follow with Humilac conditioning spray 

    • Towel and air dry


Medicines Prescribed:

  • Cephalexin 250mg: 1 tablet twice daily for 10 more days. #20 tablets.


Follow-up appointment scheduled for: 7 weeks



Alice was approximately 4.5 yrs. old when she started showing symptoms of this genetic disease.  The vet prescribed her the maximum amount of medication as she was so badly diseased with SA, even the Dr. was shocked. 


From: Leigh

Date: May 9, 2016 at 11:42:09 AM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Alice


Okay, going on atopica 35 mg daily for SA and weekly complicated bathing and omega 6 supplements. She is professing very fast :(


From: Breeder

Date: May 9, 2016 at 12:06 PM,

To: Leigh

Subject: Re: Alice


Is it confirmed SA? I am happy she is doing well. Yipeeee Please tell me what you are doing. I can save if anyone else has issues? I do not know any dogs with SA at this time but Europe has a lot.


From: Leigh

Date: May 9, 2016 at 12:36:58 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: Alice


She is getting worse. Progressing was auto corrected wrong in last email

Yes, it's confirmed. $1500 later and now we have to start her on hard meds.


From: Leigh

Date: May 9, 2016 at 12:38:37 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: Alice


Very first email tells you the meds, supplements and complicated bath is prescribed today

After thinking about it for a while, and knowing the thousands of dollars we were going to spend on Alice, because of this Genetic disease, I asked the breeder for a refund of our purchase price of Alice:


From: Leigh

Sent: Tuesday, May 17, 2016 12:17 PM

To: Breeder

Subject: Alice


Alice is on 50 mg of Atopica daily, omega 3&6 capsules, Humilac spray daily, and Paula Martel will be doing Alice's very complicated bath weekly.  This is costing my family thousands of dollars, as her Breeder, would you be willing to refund us our money what we paid for Alice, due to the SA Disease?


To: Leigh

May 17, 2016, at 8:20 PM

From: Breeder


Could you please send me the results. Thankyou I have been told a dog, called, On the Red Rocks? has produced a couple cases of SA. He is said to be related. I need to find out who he is.


We found out later that ‘On the Red Rocks’ was a son of the Sire of Alice, so we, Leigh and I, were both very confused by this email.


Begin forwarded message:

From: Leigh

Date: May 17, 2016 at 8:22:31 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: Re: 404 Vet Emerg & Ref - Attachment


Begin forwarded message:

From: Dermatology Client Care <>

Date: May 17, 2016 at 2:01:20 PM EDT

To: Breeder

Subject: update on Alice


May 17, 2016


Referring Clinic:

Cambrian Animal Hospital                                                   Phone: 705-566-4085

5-598 Falconbridge Road                                                     Fax:     705-566-5624

Sudbury, ON  P3A 4S4                           

________________, DVM



Patient:  “Alice” Breed: Havanese   Sex: Spayed Female   DOB: 25/12/2010   Wt: 7.6 kg

Caregivers: ___________ Phones:

Authorized decision-makers: _____________


Dear Doctor__________,


Biopsy results came back consistent with sebaceous adenitis. There was a complete absence of sebaceous glands. There was also some perivascular dermatitis which may suggest concurrent pyoderma or allergy. However, this is less likely and may be a consequence of ongoing self-trauma.


Plans are to start Atopica in addition to the topical oil protocol. Rx: Atopica 50 mg once daily until recheck. A follow-up appointment is recommended at the 404 Vet hospital in about 6-8 weeks. The owner is able to get some 25 mg capsules from _____________(caregiver) (and can administer 2 together), but after that supply runs out, will need to pick up Atopica from your facility, if possible. I recommend administering Atopica with food for the first week or two to try to reduce vomiting. Capsules (one strip at a time) may also be stored in the freezer which may be help reduce gastric irritation.


Owners will also start the weekly oil protocol as outlined in the previous letter.


Please feel free to contact us by phone at (905)-953-1933, or email us at (please be sure to note __________ in the subject line), if you have any questions or concerns.



BSc, DVM, Diplomate ACVD         

From: Breeder

Date: May 17, 2016 at 7:40:58 PM EDT

To: Leigh

Subject: Re: Alice


I have sent this to a couple of other breeders, asking how they would reply, most breeders cover a year, or up to two. She was born in 2010, and is 6 years old. I need to open up my other computer to see when her skin issues started.


Below is about the best way to say it, as a breeder.


We purchased the male from Europe for $10,000 and now had to neuter him, and not use him for anymore breeding was already a huge loss for our breeding program.  Plus we have altered most of his kids and had others alter his offspring and are working on this, at a great cost.

WE hope there is a test we can do, or DNA to ensure this never happens again. This is a first for us.


I do not guarantee life-long health, as some breeders may do.  Instead, my breeding program focuses on trying to deter faults - both genetic and physical.  By scrutinizing pedigrees and doing health tests on our breeding dogs, it helps me to make sound decisions on who I will breed.  Mother Nature takes care of the rest.  When dealing with genetics, there is never guarantees.


I can totally understand the burden of financial obligation when a pet has a chronic issue, but at 6 yrs old, we should be figuring out how Alice will live out the rest of her life.  Isn't it priceless what a pet brings to a family?


I would politely tell them that I could help them out by taking back the dog, assessing her and try and help find a family who would be able to take on the financial responsibilities - AS this is MY responsibility as a breeder, to ensure that the dogs I produce live out happy lives with loving families.


The dog is already 6-yrs old AND with a health issue, so with this in mind, it will be hard to find a family that would take this situation on unconditionally.  Plus, the emotional trauma the dog may go through would also be a concern; especially if the dog is not well socialized with other people or animals.

WE WERE SOOOO ANGRY AT HER RESPONSE, SAYING SHE WOULD TAKE THE DOG BACK AND GIVE IT TO SOMEONE WHO WOULD LOVE HER........that upset myself, my husband, and he doesn't get upset very often, and even my kids read that, they were furious.  Alice is anything but unloved in this family, and for her to suggest that, makes my blood boil. 


It is now almost the end of September. She was diagnosed in May........Ever since I asked for a refund, I have not heard a single thing from the Breeder asking how Alice is doing.


I resonated with this comment by Leigh. This also happened with my youngest puppy. Once her Breeder understood that we would not be returning Sara for an exchange puppy but expected her to share in the costs of Sara’s treatment and expenses, she disappeared for two months from mid-May until mid July 2016. There was no offer to refund her purchase price even though she was only eight months old at the time of the first LCP diagnosis. There was no offer to support her medical expenses unless her vet did the operation to ensure that the LCP was genetic. (An outcome that was not possible as the gene is not yet known). Spay of our puppy by her vet was suggested; however, even then, no concrete funds were assured. It is assumed that we would pay for the puppy to be shipped to her vet then shipped back to us to recuperate. We declined. The situation was traumatic enough for our puppy without taking her away from her home, her puppy siblings and the vet team who provided a safe and known environment to her.


On September 6/2016, Alice’s mom was introduced to me and we began to work on Alice’s Story Told by Her Family together. One of the decisions made during our communications was that Alice would be given more exposure on


Following is a bulleted list of events and communications that occurred after buyhavanese ramped up exposure of Alice’s situation:


  • Sept 6/2016, Alice’s mom shares with me that she received an email dated Sept 4/2016, which, apparently, was meant for someone else. In the email, Alice’s Breeder clarifies that Alice does have SA and that she is upset by external support Alice’s family is now receiving.

  • Sept 6/2016 Alice’s Family join the buyhavanese Facebook page

  • Sept 6/2016 The Owner notices that Alice’s trial breeding pedigree link has been changed on the buyhavanese Website.

  • September 7/2016 Leigh works with her family to begin Alice’s Story

  • Sept 17/2016 Alice’s mom receives another email from the breeder indicating that the breeder received an email saying that the National Breed Club was paying for Alice’s treatments. Alice’s mom demands a copy of this email.

  • Sept 17/2016 Alice’s mom demands a copy of any emails where the Breeder has offered financial support

  • Sept 17/2016 Leigh explains that the breeder has now contacted her again indicating that she was upset because they had been ‘working together great’ and now other parties were involved.

  • Sept 26/2016 Alice goes to the Specialist again

  • Sept 27/2016 Alice’s blood tests come back – she is doing very well on Atopica

  • Sept 30/2016 Alice’s mom sends the Breeder an email clarifying that she was NEVER offered any financial support for Alice’s medical condition from any organization.

  • Sept 30 /2016 The Breeder writes ‘maybe a puppy’ in compensation for Alice’s medical expenses.

  • Oct 1/2016 Alice’s mom asks for the cost of Alice back and assistance with the medical expenses in lieu of a puppy.

  • Oct 1/2016 the Breeder refuses but indicates that a closed legal agreement could be reached that includes removing all reference to Alice on buyhavanese. 

  • Oct 1/2016 Alice’s mom asks the Breeder to have her lawyer forward a proposed agreement to her.

  • Oct 1/2016 Alice’s mom sends another email to the Breeder indicating that the cost of Alice back alone to offset the medical expenses would suffice in the proposed agreement.

  • Oct 2/2016 The decision is made to post Alice’s vet reports on buyhavanese

  • Oct 5/2016 Alice’s dad posts on the Breeder’s website.

Clint: I am the father of Alice, the Havanese that my family purchased from you, and was recently diagnosed with Sebatious Adenits. I’m sure you are familiar with her. In fact, Alice may even be causing you to lose a little sleep. My wife, Leigh and I are wondering on the status of the refund of Alice’s purchase price to offset her ever increasing medical expenses? I’ll bet you are waiting for the ink to dry on the cheque before you mail it. We await your reply.”

  • Oct 5/2016 The Breeder responds with the following on her Facebook page:

Breeder: I loose No sleep as I am one of the BEST world Breeders and Can PROVE it. Yes we are constantly importing new bloodlines to keep genetic diversity, and when those lines do not work out, they are eliminated from our breeding program,. YES < I had discussions with your wife on Alice, I supported her right up to the diagnosis, recommending a biopsy, I was offering to Help with your 6 year old havanese, (most breeders only warranty for 2 years), pet shows not at all. But I offered to help, and she would not stop the Defamation. (I have the emails if anyone cares to read them), I see that you have decided Not to stop the defamation, and have chose to go about this, in an attacking way. (This is Not how we handle things, it should not be a fight). This is your choice, everyone makes their own choice. NONE of this is bothering me, as negative publicity has actually increased my traffic, and increased our Wait list, (weird how that works, kinda like Donald Trump, any exposure, even negative, can work in your favor). I sleep VERY well at night, as I KNOW, and anyone that matters knows, that we are above Average Great breeder group. I am very familiar with SA, and it is something that we 100% DO NOT WANT in our breeding program, and even though the sire was am expensive import, that we Championed and Health tested, he was NEUTERED and the Dam was spayed. EVERY PERSON, that has that line, was let know, and we have since Heard his line in Europe also has produced this. (We did NOT know till Alice). Every being has a fault, there is no perfect being, We will not tolerate a serious ailment in our breeding program. Our Vets say we are Rare, and are Awesome, and we are very Proud of how we all work. Our Doors and Vet files are open.

  • Oct 5/2016 The Breeder removes Clint’s post and her post from her website.

  • Oct 5/2016 Alice’s Mom responds that there was no defamation.

Thinking About the Email dated Oct 5/2016 to Leigh from the Breeder


It’s important to clarify several points with respect to the Breeder’s final comments in her email to Leigh of Oct 5/2016.


First, the European sire of the breeding was not wholly responsible for Alice's autoimmune disease. The dam brought half of the haplotypes that were required for this disease to express.


The immune system is governed by the Major Histocompatability Complex (MHC). This group of genes is referred to as a “complex” because they are all positioned close together on one chromosome. This positioning virtually guarantees that the genes will be inherited as a unit called a haplotype. The haplotype will be passed to offspring without the usual shuffling that occurs as genes are distributed into sperm or eggs. Every individual possesses two MHC haplotypes, one inherited from each parent.


Sharpe, C.A. The Rising Storm: What Breeders Need to Know about the Immune System. Retrieved on Oct 24/2016 @


Second, the dogs are not responsible for the breeding; the Breeder makes the decision to put the two dogs together.


Third, the last recorded litter in the CKC Stud Books up to end 2015 to Alice’s Sire was born on 30/08/2014. As well, the OFA test results of Alice's Sire indicate that he was not tested for anything in 2014 except for CERF (eyes). There was nothing before or after that during that year. Further, this boy’s last cardiac exam was Jul 25, 2013. Clearly, Alice’s SA was not responsible for this stud being removed from the Breeder's breeding program as was indicated to the family.  He had already stopped being used almost two years prior to Alice’s diagnosis for some unrecorded reason.

OFA Health Record. Keep Your Smile Blue Temptation. Retrieved Nov. 6/2016 @


Fourth, the dog that has, apparently, produced Sebaceous Adenitis in his line from Europe, as noted in a previous email from the Breeder, was the son of Alice’s Sire. The Breeder should have been fully aware of that fact. However, as noted in the reference above, that boy could not produce ‘get’ with Sebaceous Adenitis alone; it would also require a dam with a matching haplotype to do so and a Breeder to mate them.


And fifth, not every person with a potential breeding dog with Alice’s Sire in their pedigree was notified of Alice’s problem. Case in point, I own two girls who were show/breeding bitches (at the time of Alice’s diagnosis) with Alice’s Sire as their maternal grandfather. I was never notified about this problem.


Of interest, my two girls’ pedigrees demonstrate a drift in this kennel as a result of Alice’s Sire being used as a closed ‘popular sire’ within the breeding group during his short tenure  (as noted in the litter numbers in the chart below.)


When a popular sire appears in so many pedigrees that it causes the gene pool of a breed to drift in the direction of that sire, the gene pool loses genetic diversity and the phenomena is called the "Founders Effect". The underlying fear from this phenomenon is that one dog will have an extraordinary effect on his breed through his genetic influence. This includes not only his qualities but whatever detrimental recessives he carriers.


Battaglia, C. PhD. (2016) Founder’s Effect. Retrieved on Nov. 3/2016 @


To explore the fifth point further, I decided to examine the Canadian Kennel Club Stud Books from 2011 to 2015 to find out how many litters/puppies were recorded to Alice’s Sire from the cohort of breeders using him. The width and breadth of his breeding shows how many animals might be affected if any of these puppies were sold as breeding stock:

2010 – 9 litters/26 puppies

2011 –  10 litter / 39 puppies 

Alice was one of the puppies born in litter No. SN108779XY on 25/12/2010

2012 – 14 litters/58 puppies

Litter No. SN108779ZC born on 14/02/2012 was a repeat breeding with Alice’s Dam.

2013 –  1 litter/6 puppies

2014 –  5 litters/15 puppies

This was the last registered litter in the CKC Studbooks to Alice’s Sire. The litter was bred in 2014 but registered in 2015.


Total litters/puppies registered to Alice’s sire between 2010 and 2015 (with the bulk being registered between 2010-2012): 39 litters/144 puppies.

It is important to note that a repeat breeding between Alice’s Sire and her Dam occurred a year and two months after Alice’s litter was born. While Alice began to express her Sebacious Adenitis in the summer of 2015, she was first diagnosed in May 2016. It is still possible, at the time of writing this article, that a littermate from Alice’s litter born in her litter of 25/12/2010 or a littermate from the repeat breeding born 14/02/2012 might express Sebacious Adenitis.  I have to wonder if the owners of the single male and five other females born from those 2 litters have been notified that their dogs may also be at risk for SA.  Further, if they were sold as breeding animals, I wonder if the owners were made aware that they must be “reasonably assured” that the animals will not develop Sebaceous Adenitis before being bred:


If there is significant risk that a particular dog may develop autoimmune disease or allergy, as is the case with the siblings or offspring of one already affected, it would be wise to hold off breeding that dog until it is 3 or 4 years old to be reasonably assured it will not develop disease. (Ibid)


Havanese Gallery is a worldwide data base where breeders and owners post the pedigrees of their Havanese. I also find it interesting that of the 4 puppies born in Alice’s litter and the 3 puppies born in the repeat litter, only Alice, is currently registered on Havanese Gallery, and her registration was placed there, at my request, by a third party. On her page we included the following post: “Alice has Sebaceous Adenitis confirmed by skin punch biopsy.” (Retrieved Nov 2/2016 from Havanese Gallery @ )


During the period under research within the CKC Studbooks of 2010 - 2015, Alice’s Sire sired 144 puppies. Of those puppies, Alice’s litter and one other litter were born in 2010 but registered in 2011. Two other litters from the 2012 book were born in 2011 but not registered until 2012.  The last litter to this Sire was born in 2014 but registered in 2015. I wonder if the 33 breedings of Alice’s Sire during the 2010, 2011 and 2012 years might place Alice's Sire within the Popular Sire classification as noted below:


Popular Sire use is especially pernicious because each such sire can have only two MHC haplotypes--nowhere near the hundreds that exist in the canine genome. Therefore, when a significant portion of a breed descends from one individual, those dogs’ resistance to infectious disease or susceptibility to autoimmune disease can be seriously affected. (Ibid)


Some Commonalities in Our Stories


The Oct 5/2016 post that the Breeder put on her website in response to Clint’s post was like déjà vu for me. The threats, the insistence that the Breeder had offered reasonable support, the overall lack of caring for the dog and for the owner were familiar themes. And when the Breeder wrote to Leigh: “I was offering to Help with your 6 year old Havanese, (most breeders only warranty for 2 years)”, I was more than surprised. Our puppy was only 8 months old at diagnosis so clearly this Breeder did not do what ‘most breeders’ did because this Breeder was also our Breeder.


Further, the comment, “We will not tolerate a serious ailment in our breeding program” simply was not true. My puppy’s Sire was being advertised as an open stud on the Breeder’s website without any notification that he had sired an LCP puppy. As well, his listing on Havanese Gallery as of Nov. 24/2016 included the following statement: "William is one of our TOP Sires, producing the most sound puppies in 20 years". (Retrieved Nov 25/2016 from Havanese Gallery @ )

We received an unexpected email from our Breeder out of the blue on July 11/2016 clarifying her belief, just as she had with Leigh, that she had also offered reasonable funds and support to us. As noted in her July 11/2016 communication with me: “I will not be covering costs for Sara as we discussed. You did not involve me, nor my vet.” She then went on in a second email, later the same day to say: “AS said before, Before any consideration of more funds towards the costs takes place, I need in my vets hands #1 The Pathology Report, and complete records for all that has been done.” Interesting how ‘no funds’ in an email at 12:29 PM became ‘more funds’ at 11:08 PM on the same day. The old adage, perception is reality, is certainly appropriate here.


Further, as with Alice, this Breeder never asked for an update, at any time during these last emails, about our puppy who was going into a major operation two days later. 

The last email that Leigh received from her Breeder is noted below:


  • Oct 5/2016 The Breeder writes the following to Alice’s mom:

“So it seems the More my name is mentioned, the More traffic I get. my traffic has increased in the last several months, actually 6x more. Our groups wait list, has Tripled in size with deposits for pups”


Again I resonated with Leigh’s Story. On July 11/2016, the Breeder of my dogs wrote to me in a 12:29 pm email

Breeder to Barbara:

... the negative publicity has had people contact me,  and I have people lining up to use William now. It is funny how negative publicity can work in your favour.   People like it that I am open,  I want Sara on the OFFA site, it shows that as a breeder I do not just post the passes  but I post both. 

This email was most interesting to me for many reasons.


  1. First, when I contacted this Breeder initially with the LCP results, she emailed me on April 22, 2016 8:24:34 AM to tell me "not to stand on your rooftop and tell the world (about Sara's LCP) the Thyroid thing (with Bella who has autoimmune thyroid disease).” Clearly posting my puppy’s LCP results on the open OFA database was going to the ultimate rooftop.

  2. Second, the initial LCP diagnosis posting had been done long before I received the July 11/2016 email, and

  3. Third, the final results, which made the posting permanent, had also been sent to OFA for posting before that email was sent to me. So, just to clarify, the decision to post to the open OFA database was our decision, with x-rays taken and sent to OFA by our veterinarian both times.  


I have to wonder if you say something enough times to enough people, if your perception becomes your reality.


As with Alice’s Story, our situation went from the Breeder ignoring the situation to threatening litigation within a short space of time. Unfortunately for Leigh this happened even more quickly. It took only one month after the Breeder stopped ignoring the situation, for her to threaten litigation against a family who had already been traumatized for five months while dealing with the terrible disease their dog was afflicted with. Alice’s disease had impacted their schedules, their financial resources and their emotional well-being as they struggled to support a dog bred by this Breeder. I wonder if the threat of litigation wasn’t just the final straw in the building of a haystack of their being victimized in this situation.


Koharik discusses this situation below:

It is obvious that breeding methods resulting in genetic diseases affect the welfare of dog owners both emotionally and monetarily. It is devastating for the owner who brings home an 8-week-old shih tzu puppy only to discover 4 wk later that his or her beloved puppy has a large ventricular septal defect that has a grave prognosis. Many owners have no concept of the potential health obstacles that their newly purchased purebred dog may have to face, and they may have made very different decisions in their pet search had they anticipated the financial and emotional grief that could ensue. For dogs that require surgical intervention, continuing pharmacological management, or behavioral therapy, the stresses that are experienced by owners are numerous. Organizing and conducting multiple visits to the veterinary office for the treatment of genetic diseases imposes on the owner’s valuable time, perhaps their work, and certainly on their finances. Seeing their dog suffer physical or mental pain is emotionally taxing, even if the condition is medically manageable.


Koharik, A. (2007 Sep). A new direction for kennel club regulations and breed standards. The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 48(9): 953–965. Retrieved on July 28, 2016 @  

Thinking About Alice’s Story and The Puppy Lemon Law


What is interesting about this story is that what Alice’s family was asking for by way of compensation to support their dog with a known genetic disease was no more than what the Puppy Lemon Laws in several States in the US have already provided for, in varying degrees of legislation, that would have compelled this Breeder to support a dog born with a genetic disease from her breeding program:


Pet Purchase Protection Laws

“AVMA is aware of 21 states that have lemon laws that provide legal recourse to people who purchase animals from pet dealers, later found to have a disease or defect. The following chart lists key provisions of these so-called "lemon laws."


The amount of time that a purchaser has to make a claim ranges anywhere from 7 to 21 days for illness and disease and 10 days to 2 years for congenital or hereditary conditions.


Common remedies include replacement of the animal, a refund of the purchase price, and/or reimbursement of veterinary expenses, generally up to the purchase price of the animal”.


For example, in Delaware the following Puppy Lemon Law protects the consumer and the puppy as follows:



20 days for illness, disease or defect

2 years for congenital or hereditary conditions

1. Return and refund of purchase price plus reasonable veterinary fees not to exceed the purchase price

2. Exchange and reimbursement for reasonable veterinary fees not to exceed the purchase price

3. Retain the animal and receive reimbursement for reasonable veterinary fees not to exceed the purchase price


AVMA. State Advocacy Issue: Pet Purchase Protection Laws. Retrieved on October 11/2016 @

Had Alice been a younger dog, she would have been covered in Delaware and in several other States. Unfortunately, some genetic diseases like Sebaceous Adenitis do not express until a dog is older. This is a situation that needs to be considered when ensuring that all animals with hereditary diseases bred by breeders or sold to consumers by pet stores are covered by an effective Puppy Lemon Law as noted below:


Inflammatory Skin Disease in Dogs

Sebaceous adenitis is a rare type of inflammatory skin disease that affects the skin glands of young and middle age dogs.


Retrieved on October 9/2016 @


Peter Van Der Lugt in his conversation with Dr. Nels Pedersen supports this position in his article called Looking Into Sebaceous Adenitis:


It is always a problem dealing with a disease that often does not appear before a dog has sired or birthed many litters. SA usually appears before 7 years of age, but some are even older when diagnosed.


Retrieved on October 9/2016 @

The Ending - Leigh


I leave this article by including Leigh’s closing statements from 10/10/2016 about the experiences of her family in trying to negotiate this emotional situation:


Had Alice's illness been anything other than GENETIC, I would never had contacted the Breeder and asked for financial compensation.  I feel as her Breeder, it’s her responsibility to support Alice.


From contacting the Breeder in May, up until the end of September, (when Alice’s story became public online), I never heard from the Breeder.  When she finally did contact me, and up until the threats of defamation lawsuit, not ONCE did the Breeder ask how Alice was doing.


From the Diagnosis of Alice's SA until the time I was contacted in September by the Breeder, again, I was never offered any support, of any kind.  The Breeder sent an email to "have it on record" that she was now offering our family help.  This gave us hope, maybe she was going to give us the purchase price of Alice back to help with Alice's medications, I was offered, MAYBE a puppy.  The Breeder was advised to make an arrangement with me as long as the story of Alice was taken off the internet.  I asked the Breeder once again for the refund price of Alice as well as her medical bills be paid for, the Breeder replied she was "not an open cheque book", So I countered my offer with only asking again, for the purchase price of Alice be refunded, which is pennies compared to her medical bills past and present.  I asked that the Breeder’s lawyer write up a draft of this agreement and send it to me.  I never got a reply from the Breeder at all to this offer.


The Breeder led us to believe she was going to give us some financial compensation for Alice's on going medical expenses, all the while never really stating the exact help that she intended to actually give. I was only given excuse after excuse as to why no concrete offer of support from Alice's Breeder came - SO many excuses it was infuriating. This is a very serious matter to our family.


In the last communication to me from Alice's Breeder (10/5/2016), she emailed stating that she “loses no sleep over this situation and sleeps perfectly fine”.  It boggles my mind, as I lose sleep over Alice's illness every night. How can Alice’s breeder care so little about a puppy she bred, one who has Sebaceous Adenitis from the decision she made to match the sire and dam? Why does she not do everything possible to help in this sad situation?


My mother wrote the following after reading that last email from the Breeder:


“This should bother you. We see the sad looks on our grandchildren’s faces when they don't know what's going to happen to Alice.  It's causing emotional problems for our 11-year-old grandson.  Glad you can sleep well at night as my daughter and her family don't.”


I have no emotion left for this Breeder at all.  I pray through all of this that others learn from my terrible mistake, do their research and NEVER, EVER purchase a dog the way I purchased Alice.  It scares me to death that Alice can "crash" at any moment and be taken away from us way too soon.  We love Alice, and if it was not for other purebred Breeders that are in our lives, Breeders who show us compassion and caring, Breeders with high moral ethics, all of our faith in Breeders would be permanently tainted.

Greene in Witherell and Noddings (1991, p. xi) suggests that it is only when we become the “friends of one another’s minds” that we are able to cross borders of understanding to one another. It is clear from this story that Leigh, Alice’s Mom, will never be a friend of Alice’s Breeder’s mind again following her experiences. That border has been permanently closed.  It has also been closed for the rest of Alice’s adult family, Brooklyn, the eldest daughter, Clint, Alice’s Dad and Leigh’s Mother, the Grandmother of Leigh and Clint’s children.

How storying can help us learn to live with past experiences

Cooper (in Witherell and Noddings, 1991, p. 97) suggests:


“Telling our own stories is a way to impose form upon our often chaotic experiences and, in the process, to develop our own voice. Listening to our own stories is a way for us to nourish, encourage, and sustain ourselves, to enter a caring relationship with all the parts of our self.” 


This, then, is what I have been doing by writing this narrative with Leigh (and her daughter, Brooklyn). Through me, Leigh has found her voice and is able to share her story.


I believe that it is only when all voices of dog owners like Leigh’s are heard and heeded

about the breeding of dogs and diseases, that governmental change 

will be made to ensure that breeders like Leigh's are made accountable for their breeding decisions.​ The Lemon Puppy Law is a piece of legislation which will do exactly this. Those breeders who already hold themselves accountable will not be affected. 


AVMA. (Last updated June 2014) Pet Purchase Protection Laws.  Retrieved on October 11/2016 @


Battaglia, C. PhD. (2016). Founder’s Effect. Retrieved on Nov. 3/2016 @


Belenky, M., Clinchy, B., Goldberger, N. & Tarule, J. (1986). Women 's ways of knowing: The development of self; voice and mind. (p, 3) New York, NY: Basic Books, Harper/Collis.


Canadian Kennel Club. (2011). Litter's registered in 2010. CKC: Etobicoke, ON, CA  


Canadian Kennel Club. (2012). Litter's registered in 2011. CKC: Etobicoke, ON, CA  


Canadian Kennel Club. (2013). Litter's registered in 2012. CKC: Etobicoke, ON, CA    


Canadian Kennel Club. (2014). Litter's registered in 2013. CKC: Etobicoke, ON, CA  


Canadian Kennel Club. (2015). Litter's registered in 2014. CKC: Etobicoke, ON, CA  


Canadian Kennel Club. (2016). Litter's registered in 2015. CKC: Etobicoke, ON, CA                    


Clandinin, J. & Conelly, M. (2000). Narrative Inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research. (p. 64). San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass Inc.


Havanese Gallery @

Inflammatory Skin Disease in Dogs: Sebaceous Adenitis in Dogs. Retrieved on October 9/2016 @

Kelley, R. (July 13, 2012). Sebaceous Adenitis in Dogs. Retrieved on Oct. 10/2016 @

Koharik, A. (2007 Sep). A new direction for kennel club regulations and breed standards. The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 48(9): 953–965. Retrieved on July 28, 2016@ 

Lopez, B. (1989). Landscape and narrative. Crossing open ground. (pp. 61-71). New York, NY: Vintage Books.


McLaughlin, J. Reputable? Responsible? or...RED FLAG? Retrieved on Sept 27, 2016 @


Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA). (2016). About Sebaceous Adenitis. Retrieved on September 29/2016 @


Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA). Keep Your Smile Blue Temptation Health Record. Retrieved on Nov. 6/2016 @


Sharpe, C.A. The Rising Storm: What Breeders Need to Know about the Immune System. Retrieved on Oct 24/2016 @


Spilchuk, B., Ph.D. and Hodzik, S., BA. (August 26, 2016). Sara’s Story @ 


Spilchuk, B, PhD and Hodzik, S., BA. (September 24/2016). Sara’s Story Continues – The Conformation Ring @ 


Spilchuk, B. (2000,) When Principals Engage in Public Acts of Resistance: Stories of Relationships. (p. 29).

Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Alberta: Edmonton, AB, CA


Van Der Lugt, P. Looking into Sebaceous Adenitis – A Conversation about SA in Japanese Akita Inu with Dr. Niels Pedersen.

Retrieved on October 9/2016 @


Witherell C. & Noddings, N. (1991). Stories lives tell: Narrative and dialogue in education. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Buyhavanese owns the rights to this page.

Buyhavanese upgrades and monitors this page.

Buyhavanese links to other Havanese websites for your information.

Buyhavanese includes updated Havanese research in this website.

Buyhavanese is a public service educational website for potential Havanese dog buyers.

Buyhavanese is a free service for Havanese lovers.

Buyhavanese has experts on call to assist people interested in the Havanese.

Buyhavanese invites you to contact us.

buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese 

buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese buyhavanese 


In an effort to ensure that the facts in this story are as accurate as possible, the following new information has been added in the following addendum:


In the story, the initial research indicated that Alice was the only progeny from the cross between CH Keep Your Smile Blue Temptation and CH Salidadelsol's Conchita byEmmy registered in Havanese Gallery. This is not correct. Mistytrails Heartbreaker Sophie, from the same litter as Alice, MistyTrails Arizona Bella, can also be found on Havanese Gallery as progeny from that X breeding :


     SIRE: CH KEEP YOUR SMILE BLUE TEMPTATION (NLD)                     Reg# 1108330

     Sires Birthdate  04/10/2008      Sires Litter#                                 Sires Colour  325


     Litter No   SN108779XY (  1 M     3 F )                                             Birthdate:   25/12/2010

     (ex CH SALIDADELSOL'S CONCHITA BYEMMY)                             Dams Colour: 429

     List of Individuals Registered:                                                         Identification    Sex:Colour

     XY401895 MISTYTRAILS ARIZONA BELLA                                      EWY LF 16X LF         F 351

     XY401899 MISTYTRAILS THE BOY CASEY TEE                               EWY LF 22X LF         M 718

     XY401969 MISTYTRAILS HEARTBRAKER SOPHIE                          EWY LF 19X LF         F 105

     XY401974 MISTYTRAILS MY BFF MOLLY                                        EWY LF 18X LF         F 110


The following screenshots indicate that Alice's littermate, Mistytrails Heartbraker Sophie, had two litters before Keep Your Smile Blue Temptation was retired in 2014 for an undisclosed reason and before Alice was diagnosed with Sebaceous Adenines in 2016. If this information changes, we will update this page.

Information about the breeding of animals affected by Sebaceous Adenitis, their siblings and their parents can be found on the UPEI CIDD Database at: 

SIRE: CH ISPARLANS CUBA LIBRE D'MISTY T (SWE)                      Reg# 1121290

      Sires Birthdate  05/06/2012      Sires Litter#            Sires Colour  10


     Litter No   XY401969AS (  3 M     5 F )                 Birthdate:   22/09/2013

     (ex MISTYTRAILS HEARTBRAKER SOPHIE)                               Dams Colour: 105

     List of Individuals Registered:                          Identification    Sex:Colour

     AS531456 MISTYTRAILS CHARLOTTE'S WEB                     EWY LF 50A LF         F 314

     AS531457 MISTYTRAILS MAGGIE MAE KELLER                 EWY LF 52A LF         F 10

     AS531458 MISTYTRAILS RUSTY BOYLES                            EWY LF 56A LF         M 10

     AS531459 MISTYTRAILS CHLOE JONES                              EWY LF 51A LF         F 10

     AS531460 MISTYTRAILS KAI KONISHI                                EWY LF 54A LF         F 10

     AS531461 MISTYTRAILS QUIN 'TES' SENTIAL                   EWY LF 53A LF         F 10

     AS531462 MISTYTRAILS HAVI ROLLINS                             EWY LF 57A LF         M 10

     AS531463 MISTYT'S KONA BLUNDEN CANCHICA           EWY LF 55A LF         M 10

After Keep Your Smile Blue Temptation was pulled from breeding in 2014, one of his granddaughters was bred in 2015:

SIRE: CH MISTYTRAILS ARKLAND REAL MCCOY                            Reg# UC204587

      Sires Birthdate  05/02/2008      Sires Litter# RY061852UC Sires Colour  131


     Litter No   AS531456CS (  2 M     1 F )                 Birthdate:   18/09/2015

     (ex MISTYTRAILS CHARLOTTE'S WEB)                                  Dams Colour: 314

     List of Individuals Registered:                          Identification    Sex:Colour

     CS633387 MISTYTRAILS SAPPHIRE SOPHIE                   EWY LF 19C LF         F 29

     CS633874 MISTYTRAILS PEPPER BELL                            EWY LF 49C LF         M 29

     CS633875 MISTYTRAILS CHESTER CARTMELL               EWY LF 48C LF         M 29

And Alice's sister was bread again in 2015... 

SIRE: CH MISTYTRAILS ELITE DUTCH PRINCE                           

Reg# RQ030500


Sires Birthdate  01/08/2005      Sires Litter# 1083830RQ  Sires Colour  131


Litter No   XY401969CU (5 M     1 F )              Birthdate:   23/10/2015


(ex MISTYTRAILS HEARTBRAKER SOPHIE)                               Dams Colour: 105

     List of Individuals Registered:                          Identification    Sex:Colour

     CU633876 MISTYTRAILS LEVI GREENO                       EWY LF 33C LF         M 202

     CU634512 MISTYTRAILS OLIVER BRADSHAW            EWY LF 34C LF         M 354

     CU634513 MISTYTRAILS WHISKEY ADAMS                 EWY LF 36C LF         M 304

     CU634514 MISTYTRAILS JEFFREY BAILEY                    EWY LF 35C LF         M 354

     CU634515 MISTYTRAILS MOXY HERDIN                      EWY LF 39C LF         F 202


It will be interesting to see the breedings in the 2016 Studbook to follow this story forward.