Following is a Chart showing the top 20 Producing Kennels in Canada according to the CKC Studbooks from 2011-2015.
Litters have been added together for the five years under investigation to determine the ranked order for the top 20 Kennels.
Not all of the top 20 Canadian Kennels produced 4 or more litters per year in each of the 5 years under exploration.
Assume that each Kennel would only be considered to be a Commercial Kennel for the years wherein they have produced 4 or more litters.
There were 156 Kennels or Individuals who registered puppies with the CKC between 2011-2015.
23 of those kennels/individuals registering litters did so as Individuals under their own names rather than under a kennel name.
While co-ownership of litters did occur in some kennels, it was not, generally, a widely utilized practice across the 156 kennels/individuals registering puppies. For example, in 2011, there were 279 litters registered with the CKC; only 24 of those litters were registered under co-ownership that was outside of family kennel partnerships. 9/24 of the co-ownerships occurred within the top producing kennel.
24 individuals or kennels registered a single litter in a single year between 2011-2015.
13 individuals or kennels registered 2 litters in a single year between 2011-2015.
3 individuals/kennels registered 3, 4 and 5 litters, respectively, in a single year between 2011-2015.
One kennel registered 9 litters in a single year between 2011-2015.
The kennel registering 9 litters in a single year between 2001-2015
The kennel that registered 9 litters in 2011, registered no other litters between 2012-2015. These 9 - 2011 litters were registered under an Individual’s name, not a Kennel name. A search of the internet indicates that this Breeder is still breeding but now has a Kennel name. The Breeder’s name is not posted on the Kennel advertisement. However, the breeding dogs can be matched with those noted in the 2011 litters.
This kennel advertises puppies that are ‘purebred’ puppies but not registered with the CKC although dams and sires are all registered either CKC and/or CKC/AKC.
For a puppy to be sold as a purebred, it must be eligible to be registered with the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC). This is the law in Canada.
If a breeder claims that the puppies they are selling are purebred, you are legally entitled to a CKC Registration Certificate at NO EXTRA COST. The sale of purebred dogs is governed by the federal Animal Pedigree Act (APA).
Selling a puppy without papers automatically makes it non-purebred.
If a certificate of registration is NOT provided by the seller within six months of the date of sale, the buyer can lay an Information Charge against the seller for violation of the Animal Pedigree Act.
Article 64. (h) of the APA states: "No person shall offer to sell, contract to sell or sell, as a purebred of a breed, any animal that is not registered or eligible to be registered as a purebred by the association authorized to register animals of that breed."
The penalty for violation of the Animal Pedigree Act is a fine of up to $50,000.00.
If your puppy is not registered, it cannot compete in any purebred competitions (obedience, draft work, showing, etc,). Any offspring from a non-registered dog are not considered purebred.
If the parents are purebred, there is no excuse for selling unregistered puppies. Registering a litter costs the breeder approximately $32 dollars a puppy. If puppies are being sold unregistered, ask to see the parents registration certificates and make sure the owner has the breeding rights for the parents.
A Reliable and Reputable Breeder will NOT sell unregistered puppies. Choose your breeder carefully.
The Canadian Kennel Club Website or the Federal Justice Laws Website for more information.
Where to next?
Clearly a search must be made of all CKC Kennels with websites to determine how many Breeders/Kennels are advertising purebred puppies for sale, unregistered.
A detailed search through the studbooks to find dams that have been bred more than once a year between 2011-2015
A detailed search to find studs that have been widely used that may either a.) cause a drift within a specific kennel/breeding group or b.) within the general Havanese population in Canada.
Trends in singleton/doubleton births with individual kennels.
More in-depth research into co-ownership of litters across the 5 years.