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Canadian Kennel Club Proposed Accredited Breeders Program

July 22, 2017

A CKC Accredited Breeders Program of What???

The Canadian Kennel Club is considering creating an Accredited Breeders Program like the Assured Breeders Scheme that was created in 2004 in the Kennel Club in the United Kingdom:

 

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/breeding/assured-breeder-scheme/

 

Even though the Kennel Club/United Kingdom does have significant policies in place to monitor dam age, litter numbers, stud usage, incestuous breeding, parental testing and Commercial vs Hobby Breeding Policies (Municipal), there are still some serious concerns with the (ABS) Assured Breeders Scheme noted by Breeders within the United Kingdom:

 

http://pedigreedogsexposed.blogspot.ca/2013/12/the-discredited-breeder-scheme-kennel.html

 

"In 2004, the Kennel Club launched its Accredited Breeder Scheme, promising a quality assurance scheme that would take the guesswork out of buying a happy, healthy puppy.

The Scheme - now the Assured Breeder Scheme - has been plagued by stories of accredited status being given to puppy farmers... of health-test demands being inadequate... of setting the bar so low that the crappiest breeder can join."

 

Perhaps first and foremost is the fact that Breeders can choose to opt in or opt out of Assured Breeders Scheme in the United Kingdom. This means that only those participating in the Assured Breeders Scheme will be tracked and monitored by the Kennel Club for this Scheme? How does that make sense?

One has to wonder how the Canadian Kennel Club thinks that they will be able to set up a useful and effective program WITHOUT ANY Breeding Policies in place, when their counterparts in the United Kingdom are still having trouble dealing with the Assured Breeders Scheme after 12 years of running the program, even having ensured that multiple ethical breeding policies WERE set in place.

Let's think about this: 

 

The Canadian Kennel Club has minimal functionality past 

being a purebred dog registry, so how can they possibly monitor their Breeders effectively through an Assured Breeders Program if the United Kingdom Kennel Club is not able to do so WITH breeding policies in place?

The Canadian Kennel Club has no effective BREEDING POLICIES in place to ensure the health and welfare of the breeding animals and their offspring!

 

There are:

 

1. No age limits for breeding dams. Breed the dam until she no longer has an estrus cycle... and that is fine. Tracking has shown, for example, registered purebred Havanese dams with 8 or 9 litters in a five year period.

 

2. No litter limits for dams. Breed twice a year, every estrus cycle, for the life of the dam... and that is fine. Tracking has shown, for example, Havanese dams being bred at 9 years of age. A Havanese lives to between 12-14 years of age. When does quality of life for the dam begin past being a brood bitch?

 

I have been informed that the Canadian Kennel Club is looking at dam breeding policies specific to the various Breeds. Really? Does this mean that a Toy Dog that may have a longer life span can breed longer and more often? Or does it mean that a large Working Dog that has smaller litters can breed longer and more often even though the projected age limit is shorter? How does quality of life change depending upon the breed of the dog? 

 

3. No policies regarding how often a stud can be bred in a year or a lifetime. There is nothing to protect the genetic diversity of the purebred dog against overbred Popular Sires.

 

4. No incestuous breeding policies. Dams and studs can be bred to their offspring and sisters can be bred to brothers. The offspring of these incestuous matings can be registered without penalty. 

 

5. No parental genetic testing. There is no guarantee that the pedigree chart that you get with a Canadian Kennel Club puppy is correct according to DNA testing. 

 

6. No ongoing record of dogs that have expressed genetic diseases. Unlike the Finnish Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club has never sought to track and publish the pedigrees of dogs that express genetic diseases in any breed so that breeders and puppy buyers can check those records.

 

7. No guarantee that every puppy in a litter is registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. 

 

8. No differentiation between Commercial and Hobby Breeders. Unlike Europe, there has been no effort on the part of the Canadian Kennel Club to work with Municipalities and Provincial Governments in Canada to differentiate between Commercial and Hobby Purebred Breeders and track them openly for the public.

 

 

So what, exactly, would the Canadian Kennel Club be accrediting within their Accredited Breeders Program?

 

* Breeding conditions?

* Living conditions for the breeding animals?

 

While both of these conditions are certainly worthwhile tracking, is it reasonable to assume that a force of Canadian Kennel Club Inspectors would truly head across Canada to monitor every registered purebred kennel of every breed every year to ensure good living and breeding conditions for the breeding animals? And what would that cost? And who's going to pay for it?

If you are a Canadian Kennel Club Dog Owner or a CKC Breeder with a moral conscience, respond NO to this survey. Why give further open licence to Breeders who may have reasonable living conditions for their breeding animals but are NOT FOLLOWING GOOD BREEDING PRACTICES that ensure the genetic health of the offspring from their kennels?

 

Below is the post sent out to all CKC Members. Please go to the appropriate link and vote NO! 

 

Breeder Accreditation Program Survey

 

The Canadian Kennel Club is considering creating a Breeder Accreditation Program. Whether you are a breeder or a purebred dog owner, your feedback is very much appreciated. Please complete the survey below that best describes your involvement in dogs. The survey should take you no more than 5-7 minutes.

 

If you have bred a litter in the last 5 years, please complete our Breeder Survey:

 

https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/breeder_survey.

 

OR

 

If you are a purebred dog owner, please complete our Puppy Buyer Survey

 

https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/puppy_buyers.

 

 JUST SAY "NO" TO AN

'ACCREDITED BREEDERS PROGRAM'

THAT IS NOT BACKED UP WITH COMPREHENSIVE BREEDING POLICIES IN THE

Canadian Kennel Club!

 

It's all smoke and mirrors, folk! 

 

I have a distinct feeling that this Canadian Kennel Club move was made in response to Provincial Governments like British Columbia, have indicated they are planning to put in place in terms of monitoring ALL Breeders - Canadian Kennel Club and/or other for dogs and cats:

 

"We will develop a system that is supported by responsible breeders in British Columbia and targets ones that are not. The government expects all British Columbians to treat their animals with care and respect, including commercial dog and cat breeders.''

 

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/bc-animal-welfare-laws-1.4002158 

 

Whether or not Provinces like British Columbia

follow through with their proposed program is not a reason for the Canadian Kennel Club to attempt to beat them to that end. 

 

If the Canadian Kennel Club would put the time and effort into ensuring that there were appropriate good breeding policies in place to protect the breeding dogs and their offspring, instead of chasing this baseless, money-making program, Puppy Buyers would be so much better off!

Please read the three proposed Breeding Policy Position Papers presented to the Canadian Kennel Club. An ABS Program would make far more sense if any/all of these policies were put in place! (Links are included)

 

Working Paper 1

How Many Litters is Enough For One Dam

 

This first paper is designed to stimulate conversation that has the potential to effect new Canadian Kennel Club policy for the capping of the number of litters born in a lifetime for all purebred dams to 4.

 

As an extension, this paper also looks at the current policy of some European countries to restrict the upper breeding limit of a dam to 8 years of age. 

 

There are two Appendices included in this paper that demonstrate the range of breeding restrictions in European Countries in the following areas:

 

1. Number of litters in a Lifetime for a dam
2. Restricted Breeding age of the dam

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317181929_How_Many_Litters_is_Enough_for_One_Dam

 

Working Paper 2

What's In a Line?

 

This paper is designed to stimulate conversation about breeding practices that increase the risk of genetic defects in offspring. Good breeding principles proposed by experts in the field will be reviewed as well as International Policies, already in effect, designed to protect purebred offspring. These principles and policies offer a framework from which the Canadian Kennel Club could create new critical Breeding Restrictions, specifically:


1. Prohibit first degree inbreeding: father-daughter, mother-son and full sibling matings (1/2 brother-1/2 sister also preferred)
2. Restrict overuse of males: A male dog is allowed to sire a maximum of 5 litters a year. A litter is defined as one living puppy.

 

Also suggested


3. Keep the number of line breedings in a pedigree to 2 or less in the first 5 generations.
4. Ensure that there are no doubled up ancestral dogs on either side of a line breeding in a pedigree.

 

CKC Code of Professional Conduct Addendum


5. Breeders must disclose Carrier Dogs of a Genetic Disease in any public forum where they are advertising dogs at stud or as breeding bitches.

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317181745_What%27s_In_a_Line

 

Working Paper 3

Breeding Trends in the Havanese Studbooks 2011-2015

 

This paper looks first at the population explosion of the Havanese that has occurred in Canada and the choice of many Havanese Breeders to become Commercial rather than Hobby Breeders. This Commercialization also calls into question the Purpose of Breeding for these CKC Breeders. 

 

Breeding Trends noted in the CKC Havanese Studbooks 2011-2015 that have the potential to mask data that could be of benefit in tracking health/breeding trends in the Breed are explored next. 

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317181933_Breeding_Trends_in_the_Havanese_Studbooks_2011-2015

 

 

THEN SAY "NO" TO AN

'ACCREDITED BREEDERS PROGRAM'

THAT IS NOT BACKED UP WITH COMPREHENSIVE BREEDING POLICIES IN THE

Canadian Kennel Club!

 

 

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© 2016 by Dr. Barbara Spilchuk - EMP Consulting